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How can I create perfect "radio waves" (concentric arcs of a circle)?


Question

I suck at illustrator, so this is a huge leap in my ability. I'm trying to draw a radio tower, but I want everything in the vector to be as perfect as possible. I want some waves to come off of the radio tower. I'm trying to use the pen tool and then fix it up with the direct selection tool, but I just can't get it to match up. How should I go about creating these "perfect waves" and make sure they are perfectly centered.

enter image description here

As you can see, the bottom of the shape is touching the circle. Ideas?

UPDATE #1

I'm able to create perfect circle around it now. How or "what" is the best way to go about "cutting" them to replicate this:

enter image description here

This is what I have so far: enter image description here

I don't want the rounded edges edges the waves have from the example. I'm still fine creating a "noodle" type shape with straight edges.

Last Update

So I decided that I will use the pathfinder tool to help me with this last step. I want to place a rectangle perfectly in the center of the circle (on the guide line shown) but it won't place the center point on the middle of the line. Ideas? enter image description here

2012/08/16
1
7
8/16/2012 4:19:00 AM

Accepted Answer

Not much different from KMSTR's answer, but I'll say it anyways.

  1. Select the same original circle.
  2. Then from the top menu: Object > Path > Offset path. ( In this case you only need to worry about the "offset" box, and you might want to enable preview as well. ) enter image description here
  3. Select the offset path and swap the fill color with the outline color.

If you want to make multiple waves, just select the prior wave and repeat steps 1-2.



  • Edited: forgot that you had 3 waves. So changed step 7 and 8.
  • Edited2: Realized that my prior edit was kind of useless.. Was looking at the example image thinking that you had 3 waves...

As far as the trimming of the circles goes, you could do something like this.

Not the fastest way, but should go through quite a few essential tools for illustrator.

On windows, just 'translate' every cmd into ctrl

1.

From the top menu: Window > Align. Align everything to the center according to the artboard. You most likely will want to group ( Cmd + G ) some objects before aligning them.

enter image description here

2.

Then take Ellipse tool and select the outer most circle by clicking it while pressing cmd so that you can see the points. Then while pressing alt draw ellipse by using one of the side points as the center for the circle. ( Did it this way so I don't have to center the ellipse vertically according to the circles. )

enter image description here

3.

After that take Selection tool and while pressing alt and shift move the ellipse to the other side. ( alt makes a copy. shift keeps it in the same level. )

enter image description here

4.

Select both ellipses and group them ( Cmd+G ) and then use the align panel to center them to the art-board just like shown at the first step.

enter image description here

5.

Take the Direct selection tool and remove the outer points from the sides of the ellipses. Just select a circle and backspace ( delete ).

enter image description here

6.

Still with Direct selection tool, join the two curves from the top and bottom. Select 2 points at a time and then right click inside the document and select Join. ( You can first select one point and then with shift select another. )

enter image description here

7.

Select all of the outlined circles + the 'ellipse curves'. From the top menu: Window > Pathfinder and then use Exclude overlapping and Expand.

enter image description here

8.

Then with Direct selection tool, select all of the extra lines and delete them.

enter image description here

9.

And then to achieve the rounded tips. From the top menu: Window > Stroke. Select the arcs and click the Round cap.

enter image description here



Also, you should always do this after you've finished making a logo.

Top menu:

  1. Select all Cmd+A ( assuming that the logo is only thing in your document. )

  2. Type > Create outlines - Changes text into paths.

  3. Object > Path > Outline stroke - Changes strokes into paths.

The order matters by the way.

2012/08/18
17
8/18/2012 1:44:00 PM

I would duplicate the original circle and then resize it and change it to stroke instead of fill. This way you get it perfectly aligned circle "waves". As for the distances of the radio waves, I would go with the size adjustment. E.g. the first circle is 64x64, make the next one 72, then 80, 88 and so on.

Then you can crop the top and bottom off in the end to get the quater circles.

2012/08/15