Can I reproduce a silhouette of a well known character?
Is it illegal to reproduce a recognisable character illustrated as a silhouette?
Say f.ex a custom drawn silhouette of R2-D2 with the roman letters "IV" printed on it, would that be a copyright issue of Lucas Film? Iâ€™m not talking about using copyrighted logotypes, images etc. All art would be original but the motives are very familiar (f.ex batman, superman etc).
If I was to sell a poster with such motive, would that be a copyright issue?
I'm not a lawyer, however to my knowledge... Yes that is illegal and a copyright issue, thats why copyright includes the word, "Likeness."
Trademark Protection for Cartoon Characters by Tonya Gisselberg, http://www.gisselberglawfirm.com/downloads/trademark-cartoon2.pdf
The court applied the likelihood of confusion factors used by the Third Circuit, summarized as follows:
- similarity between the marks;
- strength of the ownerâ€™s mark;
- price of the goods;
- length of time defendant has used the mark;
- intent of the defendant;
- actual confusion;
- channels of distribution;
- sales targets;
- relationship of the goods in the minds of consumers; and
- market expansion.
The court did not perform a detailed analysis of the individual factors, but instead focused on similarity and actual confusion.
Again, not a lawyer but the Lanham Act states:
is likely to cause confusion, or to cause mistake, or to deceive as to the affiliation, connection, or association of such person with another person, or as to the origin, sponsorship, or approval of his or her goods, services, or commercial activities by another person, or
Now how far reaching this applies, I'm not sure, courts have considered what actual economic impact any infringement has. This is where an actual lawyer would be better service to you.
Hope this helps you at least get some basic knowledge on the topic.