I made a color chart by using the eyedropper to get colors from another file. When I go to get the CMYK values it only gives me a percentage. The Document Color Mode was RGB - changing it to CMYK didn't help. edit answer found: Was expecting CMYK values to be like RGB values, non-percentage numbers.
The colors in the color panel are just mixers. They don't set a color to RBG or CMYK. If you're in a CMYK document in File>DocumentColorMode -- You can just export the document to a pdf for print and boom, it's in CMYK. In your pdf export settings you can also confirm this by going to Output and selecting Color Conversion > Convert to Destination. Then make Destination Document CMYK. See screenshot below.
CORRECTION: In addition to what I said, please try this first. Select your colors and go to Edit>Edit Colors>Convert To CMYK Note that you may not see any drastic color changes depending on the color. You can do a test with RGB green (neon green) and either convert your document or do the Convert To CMYK command. You will see a change in color when doing this test.