resumes displayed in a high appropriate typeface (Corbel), resulted in the applicant being perceived as more knowledgeable, mature, experienced, professional, believable, and trustworthy than when displayed in a neutral typeface (Tempus Sans) or low appropriate typeface (Vivaldi). ...
Of the typefaces in the study, I would only consider using Corbel - but I don't think this indicates that Corbel is the best, only that it is better than the others in the study, which were rather silly (also Playbill, Bauhaus).
I generally use the LaTeX default Roman font. I could switch to the default sans serif or any font from the LaTeX catalogue but it doesn't include Corbel.
What other fonts should I consider for a curriculum vitae, and is there any way to predict how people will respond to them?
Of course someone is going to look more professional and knowledgeable using Corbel if the rest of the candidates used those other typefaces. They might as well have compared Corbel to Comic Sans. Makes you wonder if people actually use script and decorative type for resumes.
My recommendations for your interest would be serif typefaces like Palatino, Adobe Garamond Pro or Arno Pro. If you want to look more modern with a sans typeface, then perhaps Futura or the ubiquitous Helvetica will suit you. But keep in mind, even with robust and professional typefaces that have proven their worth, people who don't know enough about typography can still make the CV look like a train plowed through the it. Good luck in your search!