What is the difference between a font and a typeface?
Originally, the typeface is a particular design of type, while a font is a type in a particular size and weight. In short, a typeface usually gathers many fonts.
Nowadays, with the digital design of documents, you often see those two words used rather interchangeably. It doesn't make much sense to say that â€œHelvetica 12â€ and â€œHelvetica 14â€ are different fonts (they used to be different drawers with different blocks of lead, now they're all a single OTF file!).
So, my question is: Does the difference between a 'font' and a 'typeface' subside in the language? Or are font and typeface now used interchangeably even by pros?
Theyâ€™re almost interchangeable â€“ but thereâ€™s a difference of emphasis that can be useful.
If you talk about the typeface, your focus is on the end result, some typeâ€™s appearance and aesthetics in use. It might have come from a font, or it might not: hand-painted signs, graffiti art, comic lettering, calligraphy, logos etc can all have distinctive typefaces without fonts.
If you talk about the font, your focus is more on the product, the item or package that can be bought, downloaded or stored in a box, etc. That font is usually a package for a typeface, but not always: Wingdings, Chartwell and icon fonts like Font Awesome are fonts without typefaces.
Use "typeface" when youâ€™d use "song" (e.g. "I love that song/typeface â€¦"), and "font" when youâ€™d use "track" ("â€¦ so Iâ€™m going to buy the track/font for it").
Most of the time, people use "font" and "typeface" interchangeably, but occasionally you need to focus on one or the other, like how sometimes musicians write great songs, but release bad recordings of those songs or never record them.
Lots of type foundries produce amazing typefaces that make for frustrating fonts because they lack important glyphs e.g. for international use or their hinting is flakey at certain sizes or their default kerning tables are inconsistent, etc etc.
People might say that Arial is a poor typeface (derivative and uninspiring), but a valuable font (huge range of glyphs, great international support, reliable at all sizes and on all devices, etc etc).
Itâ€™s a subtle difference, but often a useful one.