# Darker shade of a given color

### Question

What does it mean and how do I get a darker shade of a given color. For example if I have the color

```
R = 53, G = 140, B = 205
```

or

```
H = 204, S = 74, B = 80,
```

or

```
#358CCD
```

What value do I change in Adobe Illustrator CS5 or Above Photoshop so that I get a more darker/solid/bold look of the same color?

### Accepted Answer

For the RGB spectrum, black is `0,0,0`

and white is `255,255,255`

. So if `R = 53, G = 140, B = 205`

, then a darker version would be `R = 33, G = 120, B = 185`

and a lighter version is `R = 73, G = 160, B = 225`

. Your mileage may vary. You'll have to play with the values to see what gives you the colors you want.

Hex is the same as RGB, just done in a different way. Hex breaks out into three pairs of base-16 digits. If you're not familiar with base 16, it's counting to 10 using 16 digits instead of 10. Thus, you'd count like this: 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 0A 0B 0C 0D 0E 0F 10. FF in base 16 = 255 in base 10. For `#358CCD`

, `35`

is the red value, `8C`

is the green value, and `CD`

is the blue value. `#000000`

is black, and `#FFFFFF`

is white, so decreasing or increasing each color value gets you darker and lighter, respectively.

### Popular Answer

As CK1 says, getting a darker variant of a colour using **HSB/HSV and HSL (Hue, Saturation, Brightness/Value or Lightness)** scales is easy. Reduce the variable that corresponds to brightness, lightness or value. In both HSL and HSV, that takes you straight down towards black, keeping the same hue and saturation. (HSB is basically the same as HSV)

In **RGB** scales (and remember that both RGB and CMYK colours can be manipulated using HSB/HSL), it's also pretty easy. Reduce the amount of Red,Green, and Blue by the same *relative* amount - resulting in less light but the same ratio between each type of light. If you think of it like a 3D cube where Red,Green,Blue each have a dimension...

...you can think of it as simply moving in a straight line from wherever your colour is in the cube, towards the black corner (0 Red, 0 Green, 0 Blue), away from the white corner (255 Red, 255 Green, 255 Blue).

**Hex codes** are just RGB values written in Hexadecimal format. The first two characters after the # are Red, then Blue, then Green. Hexadecimal means counting in base 16, which looks like this:

00=zero

01=one

...

09=nine

0A=ten

0B=eleven

...

0E=fourteen

0F=fifteen

10=sixteen

11=seventeen

...

1A=twenty six

1B=twenty seven

...

FE=two hundred and fifty four

FF=two hundred and fifty five

The internet is full of formulas and snippets of code to convert hexadecimals to regular (base-ten) numbers.